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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 66 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3•林金莖•陳水亮(2002)《日本國憲法論》,台北:中日關係研究發展基金會。
  2. 1•Camilleri and Falk, The end of Sovereignty: The Politics of a Shrinking and Fragmenting world, op. cit.。
  3. 4•楊永明(2002)〈冷戰時期日本之防衛與安全保障政策:1945~1990〉,《問題與研究月刊》,第41卷,第5期,pp.13-37。
  4. 5•楊永明(1997) 〈聯合國維持和平行動之發展:冷戰後國際安全的轉變〉,《問題與研究」第36卷,第11期,pp.23-40。
  5. 7•楊永明(1996)〈國際法中主權概念的地位與演變〉,《台大法學論叢》,第25卷,第4期,pp.77-108。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張予馨(2012)。日本防衛體制法理與現實之研究。淡江大學亞洲研究所碩士班學位論文。2012。1-110。 
  2. 吳國樑(2016)。日本國家安全保障戰略之研究(2007-2015)。淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-149。
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