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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 59 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王斯音(2009)。非營利組織的社會行銷—檢視 Kotler 社會行銷模式。國立臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系碩士論文。
  2. 王昭榮(2014)長期照護機構經營關鍵成功因素分析-以南投縣長期照護機構為例。國立暨南國際大學管理學院經營管理碩士學位學程在職專班碩士論文。
  3. 石采靈(2014)。老人福利機構社區化之初探以台南市南區機構經營者角度為例。國立成功大學都市計畫研究所碩士論文。
  4. 行政院(2012)。長期照護服務法草案。臺北:行政院
  5. 余尚儒(2014)。臺灣市場導向長期照護體系的形成- 政治經濟學的分析。國立成功大學公共衛生研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 羅慧文(2017)。從營運資源探討民間安養長照機構經營之困境。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2017。1-64。 
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