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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 193 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳艾琳,2012,「董事會智慧資本、獨立性與企業績效」,國立中央大學人力資源管理研究所碩士論文。
  2. 李秀英、劉俊儒、楊筱翎,2011,「企業社會責任與公司績效之關聯性」,東海管理評論,13 卷1 期:77-112。
  3. 林嬋娟、張哲嘉,2009,「董監事異常變動、家族企業與企業舞弊之關聯性」, 會計評論,48 期:1~33。
  4. 洪榮華、陳香如、王玉珍,2005,「公司內部治理機制與公司績效之關係-股權結構與董事會特性的觀點」,輔仁管理評論,12 卷3 期:23-40。
  5. 洪榮華、陳香如、柯璟瑩,2005,「從代理理論的角度探討董事會特性、股權結構與負債之關聯性」,管理與系統,12 卷4 期:33-53。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭鈞睿(2016)。臺灣上市公司不同治理型態之公司特性與經營績效。中興大學高階經理人碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-67。
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