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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 153 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 胡龍騰、黃瑋瑩、潘中道(譯),2008,《研究方法:步驟化學習指南》,,台北:學富文化。譯自Ranjit Kumar. Research Methodology﹕A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners.
  2. 傅振焜(譯),2003,《創意新貴II:城市與創意階級》,台北:寶鼎。譯自 Florida, R. (2005). Cities and the creative class. New York.
  3. 楊幼蘭(譯),2008,《創意城市》,台北:馬可孛羅文化。譯自Landry, C. (2000). "The creative City: A toolkit for Urban Innovators." London: Earthscan.
  4. 鄒應瑗(譯),2006,《創意新貴:啟動新新經濟的菁英勢力》,台北:寶鼎。譯自Florida, R.. (2002). The rise of the creative class: and how it’s transforming work, leisure, community and everyday life.
  5. 趙偉妏(譯)2009,《消費文化與後現代主義》。台北:韋伯文化。譯自Featherstone, M.. (2007). Consumer culture and Postmodernism. London: Sage.
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