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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 89 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱蓓蕾(2012)。美國緊急應變管理機制之改革:國土安全之概念分析。遠景基
  2. 李建中、李至倫(2003)。災害防救政策之研究。財團法人國家政策研究基金
  3. 余君山(2011)。高雄縣災害應變中心危機處理之探討-以莫拉克風災為例。國 立臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系碩士論文。90年6月。
  4. 周佳宥(2011)。台灣災害防救法之過去、現在與未來。法令月刊,62(10),
  5. 林潤榮、黃文仁、林廣榮、許建德、許中立(2005)。台灣土石流災害防救體系之
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林子超(2016)。重大災害事故指揮系統及其應用:以雲林縣消防局為例。中正大學戰略暨國際事務研究所學位論文。2016。1-120。
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