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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 85 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁虹(1997)。企業文化與組織承諾關係研究。未出版之博士論文,政治大學企業管理研究所,台北市。
  2. 王誌聰 (2008)。 由政工會在民營化過程中之角色扮演—以台東分會為例。未出版之碩士論文,國立台東大學區域與發展研究所,台東市。
  3. 王薪為 (2007)。 領導型態、組織氣候、學習型組織與組織承諾關係之研究—以高科技產業為例。未出版之碩士論文,國立成功大學企業管理研究所,台南市。
  4. 張春興(1989)。心理學,台北市:東華書局。
  5. 廖裕月(1998)。國小校長轉化領導型式與領導效能之研究:以台北四縣市為例。未出版之碩士論文,國立台北師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文,台北市。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖淑敏(2016)。影響派遣人員對派遣機構及要派機構之組織承諾因素之探討-以健保署客服中心為例。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-87。
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