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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 91 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 李彥廷(2011),台灣4G行動通訊產業行銷策略與評估分析-G公司個案研究,國立中央大學資訊管理學系,碩士論文。
  2. 15. 洪逸翰(2010),數位匯流下電信業者經營策略分析-以台灣大哥大公司為例,大同大學資訊經營研究所,碩士論文。
  3. 5. 王英裕、蘇怡如(2003),第三代行動通訊發展之相關商機探索,新竹,工業技術研究院產業經濟與資訊服務中心出版。
  4. 6. 王興毅(2004),台灣半導體產業成功經驗,工研院。
  5. 9. 何定為(1997),從電信自由化看電信服務產業之發展,台北,工業技術研究院電通所。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝羽潔(2016)。行動通訊協力廠商經營策略之研究-以立成科技為例。淡江大學國際行銷碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-79。
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