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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 93 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王麗蕉,「網路資源長期保存:以多元層次描述模式建構之探討」,教育資料與圖書館學 44 卷4 期,頁455-471。
  2. 毛慶禎,「從Web 2.0到Library 2.0—圖書館2.0系列報導」, (檢索日期 2010年7月24日)
  3. 吳朝裕,「數位保存模擬策略與詮釋資料之關係研究」,(碩士論文,淡江大學,2008)。
  4. 阮紹薇,「網站典藏庫徵集任務之實務與發展現況」,臺灣大學圖書館館刊,13卷2期(2009年9月),頁71-99。
  5. 林巧敏,「國家圖書館電子資源館藏發展之研究」,(博士論文,臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所,2008年3月)。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林詩涵(2017)。國家圖書館策略規劃之研究。淡江大學資訊與圖書館學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-177。
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