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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 42 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 成和玲、楊美賞(1997)。門診與社區復建精神分裂病患生活品質之比較及影響生活品質之因素。高雄醫學科學雜誌,13,748-756。
  2. 余欣蓮、陳易芬(2009)。表達性書寫對準諮商員在自我覺察的影響之探究。台灣藝術治療學刊,1(2),99-113。
  3. 呂旭亞、詹美娟(2009)。以書寫開創人生的新局-一個台灣婚姻受暴婦女表達性書寫治療團體的行動研究。台灣藝術治療學刊,1(1),55-69。
  4. 呂寶靜(2005)。「支持家庭照顧者的長期照顧政策之構思」,國家政策季刊,4(4),26-40。
  5. 李汶軒(2013)。家庭照顧者親職化經驗,照顧負荷與健康狀態之關係(未出版之碩士論文)。淡江大學,台北縣。
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