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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 255 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王石番。民意理論與實務。臺北市:黎明文化事業股份有限公司,民國八十四年。
  2. 董云虎、劉武萍編。中國的人權狀況及有關法規和約法。臺北市:海峽評論雜誌社,1992年。
  3. 沈赫周。「中共對西藏獨立態度之研究」。中國大陸研究,第四十六卷第六期,民國九十二年十一月,頁一百六十三∼一百八十三。
  4. 楊開煌。「西藏民族區域自治白皮書之分析」。中國邊政,第一百六十二期,民國九十四年六月,頁一∼二十四。
  5. Almond, Gabriel A. and Verba, Sidney, The Civic Culture : Political Attitudes and Democracy in Five Nations, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1963.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張靜宜(2009)。歐洲聯盟對中國人權政策之探討—以對「西藏問題」之政策為例。中興大學國際政治研究所學位論文。2009。1-151。
  2. 李依依(2009)。中藏談判之第三方國家行為者研究。政治大學外交研究所學位論文。2009。1-176。
  3. 高佳薏(2011)。從跨國倡議網絡探究西藏人權議題。中興大學國際政治研究所學位論文。2011。1-103。
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