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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 154 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱鎮明,2003,<政治管理>,台北:聯經。
  2. 盛杏湲,1997,<立法委員的立法參與-概念、本質與測量>,台北:問 題與研究,第 36 卷 3 期,頁 1-25。
  3. 陳恆鈞,2002,<美國國會委員會的議事運作過程:三個理論觀點的探討>,台北:問題與研究,第 41 卷 2 期,頁 69-88。
  4. 陳一偉,2006,<析論我國軍購政策(1979-2005)>,復興崗學報第88期:頁207-232。
  5. 梁玉竺,2000,<政府公共關係之研究- 以內政部消防署公關部門為例>,台北:私立銘傳大學公共管理與社區發展研究所在職專班碩士論文。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王麗美(2013)。台水公司國會聯絡機制之研究-提升國會溝通成效。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2013。1-103。 
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