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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 47 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁富森(2013)。臺北市高職兼任行政職務教師工作壓力與職業倦怠之研究(碩士論文)。取自
  2. 王俐雯(2012)。成年前期男女孤獨感與幸福感之相關研究-以網路使用者為例(碩士論文)。取自華藝線上圖書館系統。
  3. 李麗素(2005)。桃園縣國民中小學人事人員角色壓力與組織承諾之研究(碩士論文)。取自。
  4. 李顯鎮(2006)。偏遠地區國民小學學校行政人員工作壓力、工作滿足與離職傾向關係之研究(碩士論文)。取自。
  5. 春山茂雄(1996)。The great revolution in the brain world。魏珠恩(譯)。腦內革命。台北市:創意力。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡婉如(2017)。學校人事人員工作壓力與因應策略之研究-以臺中市政府所屬學校為例。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2017。1-116。
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