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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 101 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 官月緞、陳麗雯,2007。中國財務報導穩健性實證分析。會計與公司治理,第4卷,第2期:81-104。
  2. 姜家訓、葉鴻銘,2007。債權人監督、公司治理、會計師公費依賴度與盈餘穩健性之關係。中華會計學刊,第6卷,第2期:209-239。
  3. 戚務君、廖益均、林嬋娟,2008。我國企業盈餘穩健特性之研究。會計學報,第1卷,第1期:1-28。
  4. 楊士賢,2007。中國大陸股權分置改革與其對公司治理影響之研究。淡江大學國際企業學系未出版碩士論文。
  5. 蔡昉、林毅夫,2003。中國經濟:透析全球最大經濟體,掌握大陸市場經營契機。臺北市:麥格羅.希爾國際股份有限公司。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 潘旻青(2011)。政治關聯性對盈餘品質之影響 -以中國企業為實證。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-67。 
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