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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 47 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江大樹、呂育誠、陳志瑋譯(民90)。人事行政新論(上、下)。(Donald E. Klingner & John Nalbandian原著:Public Personnel Management 4th )韋伯文化公司。
  2. 李麗華(民88)。公共衛生護士工作特性、工作價值觀與工作滿足之相關研究。台灣大學護理學研究所碩士論文。
  3. 鄭仁偉、郭智輝(民93)。個人與組織契合、工作滿足與組織公民行為關係之研究。人力資源管理學報,4期,85-104。
  4. Allik, Jüri & McCrae, Robert R. (2002). A Five-Factor Theory Perspective, in Robert R. McCrae and Jüri Allik (Eds.). The Five-Factor Model of Personality Across Cultures, Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, 303-323.
  5. Ashton, Michael C. & Lee, Lobeom. (2005). Honesty-Humility, the Big Five, and the Five-Factor Model. Journal of Personality, 73, 1321.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 施旭憲(2016)。戒護管理人員工作特性對離職傾向之研究-以臺南監獄及看守所為例。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2016。1-83。
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