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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 109 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王瑞壎( 2004 )。大陸和外籍新娘婚生子女適應與學習能力之探究。台灣教育,626,25-31。
  2. 行政院衛生署國民健康局(2011)。第十次家庭與生育力調查報告。,2013年2月28日取自
  3. 李美慧(2008)。女性勞動參與率、高等教育率、結婚率及女性失業率對台灣地區生育率之影響-以縱斷面VAR 模式為實證研究。多國籍企業管理評論﹐2(2),93-110。
  4. 吳閔鈺(2007)。自有住宅與生育決策─台灣地區之實證分析。國立政治大學財政研究所碩士論文。
  5. 林美惠、王奕貞、莊財福(2010)。新移民女性參與子女學校教育: 以台灣雲林縣個案為例。秀威資訊科技股份有限公司。
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