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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 89 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方淑卿, & 林瑞興. (2007). 步行運動對肥胖者體脂肪之影響. 中華體育季刊, 21(2), 1-7. doi: 10.6223/qcpe.2102.200706.1701
  2. 朱玉娓. (2002). The Relationships Between Domain-Specific Self-Concepts and Global Self-Esteem Among Adolescents in Taiwan. [臺灣青少年多重向度自我概念與整體自尊關係之比較研究]. 教育心理學報, 33(2), 103-123. doi: 10.6251/bep.20010629
  3. 吳家碧. (2008). 不同運動型態對憂鬱症傾向之研究-以育達商業技術學院學生為例. 嘉大體育健康休閒期刊, 7(3), 10-19. doi: 10.6169/ncyujpehr.7.3.02
  4. 卓淑玲, 洪儷瑜, 蘇嘉鈴, & 陳學志. (2009). 「貝克兒童及青少年量表」之中文化研究. [A Research of the Chinese Version Beck Youth Inventories]. 測驗學刊, 56(4), 639-669.
  5. 施富金, & 黃璉華. (1996). A Multidimensional Model of the Antecedents of Stress and Coping Appraisals: An Approach to Studying Patients' Perceptions of Post Cardiac Surgery Pain and Their Coping Strategies. [多層次壓力前提與適應評估模式:一種研究病人對心臟手術後疼痛的看法及其因應策略的方法]. The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences, 12(4), 202-215.
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