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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 114 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王玉媚、黃美智(2003).以實證護理探討小兒發燒的處置.護理雜誌,55(2), 10-15。
  2. 伍雁鈴、毛新春(1998)•學前兒童住院後的行為改變與母親焦慮程度之相關性探討,護理研究,6(3),231-243。
  3. 朱淑華、郭乃文、王新台、蔡佩玲、何倩榕、張瑛玿、黃朝慶(2001) •具熱痙攣病史之癲癇學童的認知特性,慈濟醫學,13(3),231-240。
  4. 江季蓁、駱麗華(2002)•新診斷白血病兒童住院期間主要照顧者之生活品質•護理雜誌,49 (2),42-50。
  5. 吳菁珍、謝立韋(2007)•陪伴學齡期兒童及主要照顧者面對第一型糖尿病認知調適過程•領導護理,8(2),38-46。
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