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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 146 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁于倩、藍育慧、趙淑員(2011)。慢性雙極性情感障礙患者服藥不遵從之照護經驗。弘光學報,(64),1-8。
  2. 王翠彬、宋素真(2000)。藥物衛教團體治療對精神科急性病房之應用。榮總護理,17(1),41-46。
  3. 余靜雲、鍾信心(2003)。門診精神分裂症患者生活事件之自我效能探討。護理雜誌,51(1),45-50。
  4. 李尹暘、林麗娟(2008)。醫病信任、結果預期及自我效能於糖尿病患自我照顧應用。北市醫學雜誌,,5(3),304-319。
  5. 李依玲、蕭淑貞、楊聰財、張秀如、張凱雁、康云瑄(2008)。探討門診護理人員於服藥結盟行為不足精神分裂病患之護理實務能力。精神衛生護理雜誌,3(1),9-19。
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