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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 29 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 林信成,「軟性計算理論與知識處理技術之研究」,教育資料與圖書館學,第三十八卷,第二期,2000,第148-173頁。
  2. 12. 葉偉弘,應用基因演算法及灰色理論於微針陣列製程最佳化之研究,碩士論文,國立台北科技大學工業工程與管理研究所,台北,2012。
  3. 13. 李國華,結合灰關聯分析法與田口法於壓鑄製程參數最佳化,碩士論文,國立台北科技大學材料科學與工程研究所,台北,2009。
  4. 17. 陳怡珊,應用田口灰關聯分析於生物冷凍櫃多目標最佳化設計,碩士論文,國立高雄大學亞太工商管理學系碩士班,高雄,2009。
  5. 18. Ali Wagdy Mohamed, Hegazy Zaher Sabry, Tareq Abd-Elaziz, "Real parameter optimization by an effective differential evolution algorithm" Egyptian Informatics Journal, Vol 14, 2013, pp. 37–53
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