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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 36 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] 王文祥,「礫石層之沉積特徵及量化描述方法嘗試」,地工技術雜誌,第55期,1996,第25~34頁。
  2. [2] 中興工程顧問股份有限公司,臺北縣污水下水道系統整體檢討規劃服務建議書,臺北縣政府水利局,2008,第2-1~4-27頁。
  3. [4] 行政院公共工程委員會,公共工程品質管理訓練班教材,2007,第1~2章。
  4. [15] 陳宣印,污水下水道承包商標準作業程序之建立-以臺北縣市污水下水道建設為例,碩士論文,國立台北科技大學土木與防災研究所,台北,2006。
  5. [16] 郭柏圻,污水下水道監造單位標準作業程序之建立-以臺北縣市污水下水道建設為例,碩士論文,國立台北科技大學土木與防災研究所,台北,2006。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳俊旭(2012)。污水下水道工程採用BOT模式遭遇延遲問題暨改善策略。臺北科技大學土木與防災研究所學位論文。2012。1-129。 
  2. 李威宏(2014)。臺北市污水下水道用戶接管 開口契約內容及執行案例之研究。中央大學營建管理研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-103。
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