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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 31 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [5] 行政院環境保護署環境檢驗所, 監測井地下水採樣方法,2010。
  2. [7] 吳添益、蔡政賢、張素真,「水稻合理化施肥技術」,苗栗區農業專訊,第42期,2008,第2-4頁。
  3. [13] 陳榮五、李健捀、郭孚燿、廖萬正,2008,「作物合理化施肥技術」,臺中區農業專訊61期,2003, 第24-25頁。
  4. [14] 潘昶儒、余宣穎、黃井約,「水稻優質栽培施肥管理模式」,花蓮區農業專訊第六十五期,2008,第12-15頁。
  5. [17] 羅秋雄、張金城,「作物施肥手冊(水稻) 」,行政院農業委員會農糧署,2002。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 葉峻麟(2012)。非點源污染監測分析-以集水區水稻田為例。臺北科技大學土木與防災研究所學位論文。2012。1-81。 
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