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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 75 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳清山(2003)。知識經濟與教育發展。臺北市:師大書苑。
  2. 林至成(2001)。國民中小學校務評鑑問題與改進策略。國教世紀,201,13-18。
  3. 徐昊杲、林后泰、張天民(2007,12月)。高職廣告設計科學生問題解決態度之研究。載於中國工業職業教育學會主辦之「中國工業職業教育學會96年度年會」論文集(頁64-76),臺北市。
  4. 徐昊杲、饒達欽、曾淑惠、黃采婕、張天民(2007)。高職學校內部自我評鑑人員評鑑能力建立之研究。國立臺灣師範大學教育評鑑與發展研究中心成果報告(CREED95-E0012-43)。臺北市︰國立臺灣師範大學技術及職業教育研究中心。
  5. 曹學仁(2006)。我國公立高級職業學校競爭力指標建構之研究。國立臺灣師範大學教育學系博士論文,未出版,臺北市。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周士琦(2014)。高職學校行政主管對學校評鑑使用及其影響因素知覺之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-313。 
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