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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 75 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何淑貞(2007)。通例課程設計對國小中度智能障礙學生有效日期判斷之學習成效之研究。中原大學教育研究所碩士論文。
  2. 吳宜芳(2008)。多媒體電腦輔助教學對國小中度智能障礙學生購物技能學習成效之研究。國立臺北教育大學特殊教育學系碩士班碩士論文。
  3. 吳蜜莎(2004)。結構式教學對國中資源班學生餐飲製作學習之成效研究。國立臺灣師範大學/特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班。
  4. 李旻青(2004)。替代性溝通訓練在國小中、重度智能障礙學童購物技能學習之成效研究。國立臺南大學特殊教育學系碩士班碩士論文。
  5. 洪聖斐(2009)。金錢與消費電腦輔助教學對國小中度智能障礙兒童錢幣使用學習成效之研究。國立臺北教育大學特殊教育學系碩士班碩士論文。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 盧玫竹(2014)。視訊動畫增進國中水墨畫學習之行動研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-153。 
  2. 曾婉婷(2015)。影帶示範教學應用於中重度智能障礙學生清潔服務技能學習成效之研究。中原大學特殊教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-146。 
  3. 張簡明育(2014)。數位教學對學生中餐烹飪課程學習成效之研究-以亞洲餐旅學校為例。高雄餐旅大學餐旅教育研究所在職專班學位論文。2014。1-164。 
  4. 曾文麗(2015)。影像提示對國中智能障礙學生餐點製備技能之學習成效。彰化師範大學特殊教育學系學位論文。2015。1-133。 
  5. 陳谷柱(2011)。電子白板示範對國小自閉症學生生活技能學習成效之研究。亞洲大學光電與通訊學系學位論文。2011。1-92。
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