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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 67 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 卞獨敏,應用專利與非專利文獻建構競爭情報分析模式──以人工腎臟技術發展為例,碩士論文,國立臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所,臺北,2006。
  2. 4. 鄭百卿,臺北市市民健康卡社會行銷策略之研究:創新擴散觀點,碩士論文,國立政治大學公共行政學系,臺北,2009。
  3. 9. 葉名宜,論競爭法對專利集管之規範—以歐體、美國、日本、我國競爭法為中心,碩士論文,國立成功大學科技法律研究所,臺南,2008。
  4. 12. 李青洋,專利聯盟對企業研發績效影響之研究,碩士論文,國立政治大學智慧財產研究所,臺北,2012。
  5. 16. 吳姵潔,論反托拉斯法與專利授權之衡平—以專利集管為例,碩士論文,中原大學財經法律學系,桃園,2004。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭品辰(2014)。使用專利共引證分析光儲存產業技術發展軌跡與技術生命週期預測之研究。臺北科技大學服務與科技管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-166。 
  2. 徐采婕(2014)。專利池創新之研究-以藍光光碟(Blu-ray Disc)專利池為中心。臺北科技大學服務與科技管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-74。 
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