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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 65 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 于漱、吳淑瓊、楊桂鳳,「失智症患者的長期照護服務模式」,長期照護雜誌,第七卷,第三期,2003,第251-264頁。
  2. 台灣長期照護專業協會,認識台灣長期照護服務模式,網址:,造訪日期:2010/11/05。
  3. 吳淑瓊,全國長期照護需求評估調查,行政院衛生署,2001。
  4. 許佩蓉、張俊喜、林靜宜、林壽惠、李世代,「機構式長期照護綜論」,台灣老年醫學雜誌,第一卷,第四期,2006,第198-215頁。
  5. 許佩蓉,張俊喜,陳瑋,羅慶徽,「老人健康促進與衛生教育」,臺灣老人保健學刊,第二卷,第二期,2006,第105-111頁。
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