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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 51 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] Boiral, O. (2006) “Global warming: should companies adopt a proactive strategy?”. Long Range Planning 39: 315-330.
  2. [2] Burch, S. (2009) “In pursuit of resilient, low carbon communities: An examination of barriers to action in three Canadian cities”. Energy Policy (in press).
  3. [3] International Energy Agency (2008). “World energy outlook.”
  4. [4] Li, L., Chen, C., Xie, S., Huang, C, Cheng, Z., Wang, H., Wang, Y., Huang, H., Lu, J. and Dhakal, S. (2009) “Energy demand and carbon emissions under different development scenarios for Shanghai, China.” Energy Policy (in press).
  5. [6] Phdungsilp, A. (2009) “Integrated energy and carbon modeling with a decision support system: Policy scenarios for low-carbon city development in Bangkok”. Energy Policy (in press).
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林妍希(2011)。推動低碳農業社區減量措施之研究-以嘉義縣A鄉鎮為例。臺北科技大學環境工程與管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-146。
  2. 陳紀吟(2011)。農林社區碳零排放規劃與管理之研究-以嘉義縣Q鄉鎮為例。臺北科技大學環境工程與管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-116。
  3. 林薏萍(2013)。不同道路分隔島植栽配置對都市道路溫度之影響-以台中市台灣大道為例。朝陽科技大學建築系建築及都市設計碩士班學位論文。2013。1-136。
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