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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 60 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院衛生署國民健康局(2005)。中華民國九十一年癌症登記報告。臺北:行政院衛生署國民健康局。
  2. 李靜玟、吳肖琪(2005)。市場競爭及其他因素對精神科急性住院病患醫療利用之影響。臺灣衛誌,24(7),296-305。
  3. 林秀碧、楊銘欽、葉宏明(2001)。醫院服務區域的界定與市場競爭程度之分析-以臺中市某區域醫院為例。醫護科技學刊,3(1),67-83。
  4. 黃伯偉(2003)。市場競爭程度對醫院行為的影響-以昂貴醫療處置採用為例。未出版碩士論文。臺北醫學大學醫務管理學研究所。
  5. 張瑋玲(2004)。醫療市場競爭程度對醫療品質的影響。未出版碩士論文。臺灣大學衛生政策與管理研究所。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂雅雲(2007)。台灣醫院別癌症照護資源與內容之分析。臺灣大學醫療機構管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-190。
  2. 施雅文(2008)。新設立醫院對鄰近醫院初診病患來源影響之研究。中臺科技大學醫護管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-136。
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