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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 69 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 參考資料 中文部分 于乃玲、胡瑞桃、周碧琴、賴瑞月(1999)?某區域醫院護理人員工作 滿 意度與留任意願相關性之探討?長庚護理,10(3),28-38。
  2. 中華民國長期照護專業協會(2002)?護理之家作業規範?台北:中華民 國長期照護專業協會。 中華民國長期照護專業協會(2004)?長期照護資源名冊?台北:中華民 國長期照護專業協會。 內政部(1999)?老人生活狀況分析?台北:內政部。 內政部(2000)?八十九年台閩地區老人狀況調查?台北:內政部。 內政部(2001)?內政統計通報?台北:內政部。 王怡心、樊孝薇(2003)?平衡計分卡在我國檔案管理事業的運用?檔案 季刊,2(4),33-47。
  3. 行政院經建會(1996)?中華民國台灣地區民國84年至125年人口推估?台 北:行政院經建會。 行政院衛生署(2001)?推動長期照護的現況報告?於內政部主辦,推動 福利產業溝通座談會講義?台北:台北市立圖書館。 曲佩芬、李聰明(2002)?長期照護機構之重要一環-院內感染管制?院內 感染控制雜誌,12(2),118-127。
  4. 杜敏世、陳敏雄、譚雪莉、李碧欗、張治安、王美鳳(2000)?護理之家 照護成本之初探(Ⅱ)?長期照護雜誌,14(1),35-47。
  5. 李采娟、賴玫君、楊文匯、張麗雅、邱怡玟、李佳霙等'(2001)?護理之 家成本分析研究?中台灣醫誌,6,223-232。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 胥遠鳴(2008)。以知識管理觀點建立非營利組織平衡計分卡績效評估制度之研究—以屏東縣各地政事務所為例。屏東科技大學企業管理系所學位論文。2008。1-193。 
  2. 楊惠真(2012)。護理之家照顧服務品質之多層級分析_以中部地區四縣市為例。中正大學社會福利學系學位論文。2012。1-280。
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