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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 111 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王秀珍、盧美秀(1998)•護理人員工作相關灌能之探討-比較護理人員實際感受與期望間之差異•護理研究,6(1),19-30。
    2. 行政院衛生署國民健康局(2007)•何謂社區健康營造•台北:行政院衛生署國民健康局
    3. 吳秋燕(2003)•老人身體活動、心肺適能與生活品質之相關研究•未發表的碩士論文•台北:國立師範大學。
    4. 吳淑瓊、莊坤洋(2001)•在地老化:台灣二十一世紀長期照護的政策方向•臺灣衛誌,20(3),192-201。
    5. 呂朝賢、鄭清霞(2005)•中老年人參與志願服務的影響因素分析•臺大社工學刊,12,1-50。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 高宜貞(2016)。樂齡大學學員學習遷移與生活品質關係之研究-以大台南地區為例。中正大學成人及繼續教育學系學位論文。2016。1-169。
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