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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 144 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁麗珠、江曉萍、林筱芳、林芳苓(2007)•降低血液透析過程中病患血壓下降之專案•臺灣腎臟護理學會雜誌,6(1),9-22。
  2. 王秀梅、陳惠敏、徐秋玉、張慧先(2007)•音樂治療對於子宮全切除婦女焦慮程度改善之影響•長庚護理,18(1),11-20。
  3. 王淑美、葉美玉、張麗雲(2003)•慢性精神病患音樂治療成效研究•長庚護理,14(4),342-352。
  4. 王麗華(2007)•透析中血壓變化的護理處置•於台灣腎臟護理學會主辦,HD病患臨床護理問題探討(2)-透析中血壓變化處置•台北:馬偕醫院。
  5. 江彥駸、吳采虹(2005)•透析病人腎移植前的評估與準備•腎臟與透析,17(1),44-54。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 詹小秋(2011)。音樂治療對重度智能障礙學童行為成效之研究。中臺科技大學護理研究所學位論文。2011。1-206。 
  2. 蔡秀芬(Hsiu-Fen Tsai);周桂如(Kuei-Ru Chou)(2015)。癌症病人化學治療期間症狀困擾與聆聽音樂習性之分析。榮總護理。32(4)。406-415。 
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