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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 73 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王俊文、葉德豐、曾坤儀(2003)”台灣醫院評鑑趨勢之探討” Chung Shan Med J 14:513-22。
  2. 王梅玲(2005) “大學研究評鑑與引分文析應用” 圖書館學與資訊科學 31(1):5-13。
  3. 李志宏、施肇榮(2012)”醫院評鑑與健保支付(上):醫院評鑑的發展與醫院分類” 台灣醫界 55(6):326-31。
  4. 高文彬(2010)”勞動過程中勞工自願性服從的控制機制” 台灣勞動評論 2(2):431-48。
  5. 黃世鑫(2005)〈經濟學:社會科學的女皇?杜鷳窩裏的真實〉,《全球化與知識生產﹣反思台灣學術評鑑》pp. 235-74。反思會議工作小組編。台北:台灣社會研究季刊社。
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