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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 64 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 15. Abratt, R., “Industrial Buying in High-Tech Markets,” Industrial Marketing Management, Vol. 15, pp. 293-298, 1986.
  2. 17. Bender, P. S., Brown, R. W., Isaac, M. H., and Shapiro, J. F., “Improving Purchasing Productivity at IBM with a Normative Decision Support System,” Interfaces, Vol. 15, pp. 106-115, 1985.
  3. 18. Benton, W. C., “Quantity Discount Decisions Under Conditions of Multiple Items, Multiple Suppliers and Resource Limitations,” International Journal of Production Research, Vol. 29, No. 10, pp. 1953-1961, 1991.
  4. 19. Billesbach, T. J., Harrison, A., and Croom-Morgan, S., “Supplier Performance Measures and Practices in JIT Companies in the U.S. and the U.K.,” International Journal of Purchasing and Material Management, Vol. 27, pp. 24-28, 1991.
  5. 22. Clerc, M., “Discrete Particle Swarm Optimization — Illustrated by the Traveling Salesman Problem,”, 2000.
Times Cited (22) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭宥君(2008)。指定回送之逆向供應鏈生產配送規劃模式發展。臺北科技大學工業工程與管理系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-50。 
  2. 韓永祥(2008)。整合遺傳演算法與粒子群最佳化演算法於二階線性規劃問題之應用-以供應鏈之配銷模型為例。臺北科技大學工業工程與管理系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-81。 
  3. 林芳君(2007)。應用粒子群最佳化於群集分析以縮短SMT換線時間-以研華科技為例。臺北科技大學工業工程與管理系碩士班學位論文。2007。1-87。 
  4. 洪歆雅(2007)。整合類神經網路與粒子群演算法為輔之模糊神經網路於供應商選擇之應用。臺北科技大學工業工程與管理系碩士班學位論文。2007。1-89。 
  5. 卓峻瑋(2012)。以擾亂式的同化作用改善帝國競爭演算法。元智大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2012。1-39。 
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