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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Altman, Edward I., “Financial Ratios, Discriminant Analysis, and the Prediction of Corporate Bankruptcy”, Journal of Finance, pp. 589-609, September 1968.
  2. Altman, Edward I., G. G. Haldeman, & P. Narayanan, “ZETA Analysis: A new model to identify the bankruptcy risk of corporations“, Journal of Banking and Finance, 29-54, 1977.
  3. Beaver, W.H., “Financial Ratios as Predictors of Failure”, Journal of Accounting Research, pp. 71-111, 1966.
  4. Belkaoui, Ahmed, Industrial bond ratings:A new look, Financial Management, Vol. 9, No. 3, 44-51, 1980.
  5. Bowen, Robert M., Lane A. Daley, & Charles C. Huber, Jr., “Evidence on the existence and determinants of inter-industry differences in leverage“, Financial Management, Vol. 11, No. 4, 10-20, Winter 1982.
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 范樹根(2006)。結合模糊集合與貝氏分類 應用於無線設備測試良率之研究。中原大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2006。1-64。 
  2. 黃雅鳳(2006)。以貝氏網路為基礎之能力指標測驗編製及補救教學動畫製作–以六年級數學領域之「分數小數」相關指標為例。亞洲大學資訊工程學系碩士班學位論文。2006。1-120。
  3. 洪敏甄(2007)。應用貝氏網路進行國中數學二元一次聯立 方程式單元之學習診斷測驗編製及適性補 救教學設計。亞洲大學資訊工程學系碩士班學位論文。2007。1-121。
  4. 蘇信嘉(2007)。部落格文章之正反意見分類機制。元智大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2007。1-43。
  5. 張見銘(2007)。融合不同專家貝氏網路優勢進行國小六年級數學領域代數之適性學習系統研發。亞洲大學資訊工程學系碩士班學位論文。2007。1-119。
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