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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 121 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林瑞明,「在物流系統中具優先次序之車輛路徑指派問題探討」,元智工學院工業工程研究所,碩士論文,1995.
  2. 林書銘,「禁制搜尋法於含時窗與裝載限制車輛途程問題解算之研究」,元智大學工業工程所,碩士論文,1998.
  3. 徐明輝,「多部車一般性車輛途程解算法之研究」,元智工學院工業工程研究所,碩士論文,1997.
  4. 敖君瑋,「禁制搜尋法於軟性時窗限制之車輛途程問題研究」,元智大學工業工程所,碩士論文,1999.
  5. 陳振稻,「單一車輛貨物運輸途程之探討」,元智工學院工業工程研究所,碩士論文,1994.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李美儀(2015)。車輛路線相關問題之回顧與國內發展之分析。交通大學運輸與物流管理學系學位論文。2015。1-123。 
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