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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 62 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 16. 丁元台(2002),從交易成本理論探討我國武器獲得的策略,未出版碩士論文,元智大學管理研究所。
  2. 21. 林燕慧(2003),專案管理關鍵成功因素之個案研究,未出版碩士論文,淡江大學管理科學研究所。
  3. 23. 郭佩雯(2004),連鎖藥局關鍵因素的探討,未出版碩士論文,國立台灣大學醫療機構管理研究所。
  4. 38. 政府採購法令彙編(2005),行政院公共工程委員會,2005年11月版。
  5. 1. Belton ,V . and A.E. Gear (1985), The Legitimacy of rank Reversal-A comment, Omega, 13(3),227-230.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張鳳鳴(2009)。武器系統綠色管理之評估 —以飛彈汰除為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-82。
  2. 巫月桃(2010)。影響我國國防工業能量建構關鍵因素之探討。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-96。
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