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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 36 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 伍家德. (2000). 新產品開發特性與新產品開發管理機制相關之研究. 東海管理評論, 2, 95-118.
  2. 14. 資訊市場情報中心/資策會. (2007). 2007台灣數位生活消費需求調查報告-筆記型電腦篇. 台北市: 財團法人資訊工業策進會 資訊市場情報中心(MIC).
  3. 17. Alpert, J. H. M. a. M. I. (1968). Determinant Buying Attitudes: Meaning and Measurement. Journal of Marketing, 32(4), 13-20.
  4. 18. Cooper, R. G. (1979). The Dimensions of Industial New Product Success and Failure. Journal of Marketing, 43, 93-103.
  5. 19. Cooper, R. G. a. E. J. K. (1987). An Investigation into the New Product Process: Steps, Deficiencies, and Impact. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 3, 71-85.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳麗芳(2010)。設計哲學中有關性別意識的影響思考。朝陽科技大學設計研究所學位論文。2010。1-196。
  2. 黃柄憲(2011)。差異化設計於人類設計哲學與方法發展過程的影響與意義。朝陽科技大學工業設計系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-197。
  3. 黃亮瑜(2012)。智慧型手機對工作與生活影響之探索性研究。中正大學企業管理學系學位論文。2012。1-104。
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