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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 63 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3.吳淑貞(2002),「產業網絡、群聚現象與企業競爭力關係之研究-以兩岸製
  2. 11.黃瓊慧(2001) 「屏東平原農業土地利用的轉變:1950-1990年代-以蓮霧、檳榔為例」國立師範大學地理學研究所碩士論文。
  3. 12.閻永祺(2004),「產業群聚與區域產業發展關係之研究-以南部區域為例」,
  4. 68-71。
  5. 14.韓明文(2006),「從產業群聚觀點探討台灣動畫產業之研究」,元智大學管理
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 孫麗君(Li-Chun Sun);蔡佩卉(Pei-Hui Tsai);黃家儀(Chia-Yi Huang);陳淑惠(Ia-Ling Chen)(2017)。提升外科加護病房胸腹手術後肺部復健執行率。高雄護理雜誌。34(2)。28-39。 
  2. 賴美雲(2008)。以Porter鑽石模型理論探討台東舊鐵道路廊文化創意產業競爭力之研究。亞洲大學經營管理學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-86。
  3. 吳麗娟(2008)。住院老人病患於腹部手術後接受早期漸進性活動 之成效探討。臺灣大學護理學研究所學位論文。2008。1-78。
  4. 溫亦鈞(2017)。台灣紡織工業經營策略之研究 —個案研究。中原大學會計研究所學位論文。2017。1-66。
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