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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 101 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 8. 林誠 (2005),「醫療產業導入知識管理的績效評估-以個案區域教學醫院為例」,《健康管理學刊》,第3卷第1期,85-98。
  2. 19.彭雅惠、董政玟 (2003),「台灣醫療產業知識管理推展的現況研究」,《醫院雜誌》,第4卷第1期,72-83。
  3. 28.蘇勳璧、彭朱如、鄧振華 (2001),「不同等級醫院其資源優勢、策略優勢與績效之關係」,《醫務管理》,第1期第2卷,93-109。
  4. 29. Ahmed P. K., Lim K. K., & Zairi M. (1999), “Measurement practice for knowledge management,” Journal of Workplace Learning. Vol.11, no.8, p.304
  5. 30. Alice, L. (1997), “Embedded Firms, Embedded Knowledge: Problems of Collaboration and Knowledge Transfer in Global Cooperative Ventures,” Organization Studies, Vol.18, no.6, p.973-996.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪麗娟(2008)。臨床護理人員資訊素養及其相關因素之研究。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2008。1-111。 
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