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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 87 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王柏山、任如、黃淑芬,1997,〈台灣檳榔種植與檳榔攤分布之區域差異〉。《社會科教育研究》,43期,頁119-177。
  2. 吳旻錚,1999,〈拿檳榔文化沒辦「法」〉。《法律與你》,63期,頁7-18。沈游振,2002,《論布赫迪厄的傑出階級與反思社會學》。國立台灣大學發
  3. 林富煌,2001,〈嚼檳榔對腎臟的影響〉。《台灣家庭醫學雜誌》,11期,頁66-77。
  4. 林政欽,2002,《檳榔攤消費文化及空間意涵之研究》。中原大學室內設計研究所碩士論文。
  5. 黃淑玲,2003,〈從清時藝旦到今日檳榔西施—台灣色情文化中的悲鳴與怪象的探討〉。《歷史月刊》,186期,頁101-108。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃棋偉(2011)。台客文化之視覺風格研究。臺中科技大學商業設計系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-143。 
  2. 郭建成(2012)。學習專注力監測提醒系統對於提升網路學習課堂教學成效之影響研究。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系學位論文。2012。1-69。
  3. 林于婷(2014)。影響國中學生學習成效因素之研究。虎尾科技大學資訊管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2014。1-95。
  4. 巫沛臻(2016)。不同色彩環境對幼兒注意力影響之研究。中興大學園藝學系所學位論文。2016。1-86。
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