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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5. 吳明隆,SPSS統計應用學習實務:問卷分析與應用統計,三版,知誠數位科技股份有限公司,台北,2006年。
  2. 9. 淨空法師,修福積德造命法-了凡四訓講記,初版,財團法人佛陀教育基金會,台北,1999年年。
  3. 10. 揚帆,孔子的人生哲學-執著人生,初版,揚智文化事業股份有限公司,台北,1994年。
  4. 11. 葉明川,「組織偽善與組織績效關聯性之研究-以金融業為例」,國立成功大學高階管理碩士在職專班碩士論文,2007年。
  5. 14. 鄭伯壎等編著,華人組織行為:議題、作法及出版,初版,華泰文化事業股份有限公司,台北,2006年。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王中強(2013)。從事故傷害預防觀點探討幼兒園地坪材料止滑度。中原大學室內設計研究所學位論文。2013。1-128。 
  2. 吳鳳玉(2007)。基隆市某國中七年級學生健康與體育學習領域「自我導向學習策略」之效果研究。臺灣師範大學衛生教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2007。1-148。
  3. 何敏甄(2011)。偽善行為之普遍性研究-探討保險業務人員之適用性。元智大學資訊社會學碩士學位學程學位論文。2011。1-71。
  4. 詹琇婷(2011)。中國大陸基層員工之情緒管理對組織績效影響之研究。元智大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2011。1-110。
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