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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 297 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 國立中山大學人力資源管理研究所。
  2. 10.吳秉恩(1999),《分享式人力資源管理》,台北市:翰蘆圖
  3. 立中正大學企業管理研究所。
  4. 大學人力資源管理研究所。
  5. 20.周惠莉 (2003) ,「五大人格特質、性別角色與轉換型領導關聯
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃銓城(2011)。指導老師領導風格與成員人格特質對團隊效能之影響-以大學生製作資訊專題為例。元智大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2011。1-73。
  2. 黃世宏(2016)。人格特質與工作績效關聯性之研究─以國軍招募人員為例。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-77。
  3. 何虹瑩(2016)。專業經理人家長式領導對員工工作績效影響之研究—以組織公民行為為中介變項。中正大學勞工關係學研究所學位論文。2016。1-86。
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