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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 115 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳水丕、呂佩珊(2008)。〈大臺北地區國小教師工作壓力與休閒參與之關係研究〉。《工作與休閒學刊》,第1卷,第1期,頁49-61。
  2. 吳宗立、林保豐(2003)。〈國民小學教師工作壓力與組織承諾關係之研究〉。《國教學報》,第15期,頁193-230。
  3. 吳明隆、紀有田(2004)。〈學校行政人員工作壓力與學校效能關係之研究〉。《學校行政雙月刊》,第29期,頁170-181。
  4. 吳明隆、陳火城(2007)。〈高雄市國小教師數學教學信念與自我知覺教學效能關係之研究〉。《學校行政雙月刊》,第48期,頁113-132。
  5. 吳致維、林建仲(2009)。〈互動式電子白板在國小教學之探討〉。《生活科技教育月刊》,第42卷,第6期,頁14-25。
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