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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 112 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 【7】 呂夢潔,「綠色製造中考量能源和回收評估模式之生產規劃」,元智大學工業工程與管理學系,碩士論文,2009。
  2. 【10】 劉志成,「TRIZ方法改良與綠色創新設計方法之研究」,成功大學機械工程學系,博士論文,2003。
  3. 【11】 林詩涵,「應用粒子群演算法考量綠色設計中原物料選擇及製程規劃」,元智大學工業工程與管理學系,碩士論文,2011。
  4. 【20】 杜瑞澤、謝瑩瑩,「光觸媒環保產品綠色設計分析之評估模式」,大葉大學工業設計系,中華民國設計學報,第10卷第1期,57-72頁,2005。
  5. 【21】 陳文亮、李宛珊、張旭銘,「模糊決策模式在產品綠色設計指標評選之應用」,樹德科技大學生活產品設計系,機械技師學刊,第2卷第1期,38-44頁,2009。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳忠益(2016)。化無為有創藝新生—環保創作的心路歷程。中原大學室內設計研究所學位論文。2016。1-89。
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