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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 146 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. House. 13-18.
  2. 李淑君 (譯)(2000),志工實務手冊,臺北:張老師文化事業股份有限公司。
  3. 王文玉(2008),《社區志工持續參與健康服務志工之經驗探討》,臺中:亞洲大學長期照護研究所碩士論文。
  4. 王陳雪霞(2008),《深度休閒文化志工學習經驗之研究》,臺東:國立暨南國際大學成人與繼續教育研究所碩士論文
  5. 李秀娟(2006),《在地老化」老人服務模式發展元素初探--以財團法人華山社會福利慈善事業基金會服務經驗為例》,臺北:國立政治大學經營管理碩士學程碩士論文。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蕭慧貞(2002)。矯正疼痛對下顎運動速度之影響。臺北醫學大學牙醫學系碩博士班學位論文。2002。1-86。
  2. 官儀妍(2002)。成人之下顎運動速度與顱顏齒列形態的關係。臺北醫學大學牙醫學系碩博士班學位論文。2002。1-88。
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