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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 44 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王棋(2006)。外包管理模式初探。榮總護理,23(4),329-339。
  2. 朱碧靜(1998)。圖書館館務委外之決策與管理探討。大學圖書館2(2)。
  3. 杜素慧(2004)。醫院病房區清潔外包管理方式對外包績效影響之探討。未發表的碩士論文,台北:台北醫學大學。
  4. 李力昌、張艷秀(2006)。國際觀光飯店自設洗衣部門得失之初探。休閒暨觀光產業研究,1(1),108-115。
  5. 林公孚(2004)。企業策略致勝利器-外包。品質月刊,2004(6),63-66。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林威玲(2013)。台灣醫療產業發展之分析。臺灣大學經濟學研究所學位論文。2013。1-47。 
  2. 賴調元(2013)。專業整合經營模式研究─以醫院布服外包為例。臺灣大學臺大_復旦EMBA境外專班學位論文。2013。1-77。
  3. 洪嫚徽(2013)。醫院病患伙食自辦或委外決策因素之研究。中正大學企業管理學系學位論文。2013。1-120。
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