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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 87 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王如娥,劉立,何善台(民92)。建構策略聯盟醫院主管資訊系統主要績效指標之研究。醫務管理期刋,第四卷第三期,頁39-52。
  2. 何如玉(民94)。人力資源彈性策略與組織績效、組織承諾之研究-以國內鋼鐵業為例。中原大學企業管理學系碩士論文,未出版,桃園市。
  3. 林淑姬、樊景立、吳靜吉、司徒達賢(民83)。薪酬公平、程序公正與組織承諾、組織公民行為之研究。管理評論,第十三卷第二期,頁87-108。
  4. Abernethy, M. A., & Stoelwinder, J. U. (1991). Budget use, task uncertainty, system goal orientation and subunit performance: A test of the fit hypothesis in not-for-profit hospitals. Accounting, Organizations and Society, 16(2), pp. 105-120.
  5. Arthur, J. B. (1992). The Link between Business Strategy and Industrial Relations System in American Steel Minimills. Industrial and Labour Relations Review, 45, pp. 488-506.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳享利(2010)。2008年北京奧運男子手球賽前八強競賽之標記分析。臺東大學進修部暑期體育碩士班學位論文。2010。1-108。 
  2. 謝政利(2010)。2009年高中男子排球聯賽甲級競賽之標記分析。臺東大學進修部暑期體育碩士班學位論文。2010。1-82。 
  3. 曾瑞成(2009)。足球比賽團隊表現之標記分析-以曼聯隊為析論對象。臺東大學體育學系碩士班學位論文。2009。1-117。 
  4. 楊和鎔(2008)。中華女子排球代表隊參加國際競賽表現之標記分析。臺東大學進修部暑期體育碩士班學位論文。2008。1-110。 
  5. 仲偉靜(2016)。人力留任策略對教學醫院護理人員工作滿意度的影響。中山大學教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-152。
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