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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 95 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 7.李城忠、陳益壯(2005)。運動服務業關係品質對顧客忠誠度影響之探討─台中YMCA 游泳俱樂部之實證研究。人文暨社會科學期刊,1(1),91-108。
  2. 9.李孟訓、周建男、林俞君(2006)。休閒農場之服務品質、關係品質與顧客忠誠度之關聯性研究。農業經濟半年刊,80,125-168。
  3. 11.林孟璋、莊世杰、陳貴英(2004)。網路零售業顧客忠誠度之研究。行銷評論,1(2),111-134。
  4. 13.林志誠、呂世通、郭耀禎(2007)。全球物業管理之產業現況與趨勢。物業管理學會第一屆研究成果論文發表會。
  5. 14.吳孟爵、楊東震、黃泰源(2006)。運動休閒服務業關係品質對忠誠度影響之研究-滿意度的中介效果。嘉義大學體育健康休閒期刊,5, 146-154。
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