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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 78 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳智東(2006)。智能障礙學生之適應體育教學策略及活動設計。學校體育雙月刊,16(3),100-104。
  2. 李小娟(2008)。健走運動對國中智能障礙學生健康體適能之影響(未出版碩士論文)。亞洲大學經營管理學系碩士班,臺中市。
  3. 李玉琪(2011)。瑜珈運動對智能障礙兒童健康體適能與人際互動之影響(未出版碩士論文)。輔仁大學體育學系碩士,新北市。
  4. 李偉清(1997)。國中教師對特殊體育的態度與適性教學實施方式之調查研究(未出版碩士論文)。國立高雄師範大學教育學類研究所,高雄市。
  5. 林宜鍵(2010)。適應體育桌球教學對輕度智能障礙學生桌球學習成效之研究(未出版碩士論文)。國立臺北教育大學特殊教育學系碩士班,臺北市。
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