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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 23 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 22. Abler, N.J and R. Doktor, in collaboration with R.S.Gorden (1986), From the Atlantic to the Pacific Century : Cross-Cultural Management Reviewed, Journal of Management, 12(2), p.295-318
  2. 23. Danny J Johnson, Urban Wemmerlov, 「Why Does Cell Implementation Stop? Factors Influencing Cell Penetration in Manufacturing Plants.」, Production and Operations Management, Fall 2004. Vol.13, Iss.3, pg.272.
  3. 1. 大野耐一,國瑞協力會TPS自主研究會編譯,「豐田生產方式」,台北,中衛發展中心,民90年。
  4. 2. 大野耐一,何月華譯,「大野耐一現場經營」,台北,中衛發展中心,民92年。
  5. 3. 五十嵐著,楊平吉譯,「多種少量生產之新管理模式」,台北,財團法人中衛發展中心,民88年
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 簡維宏(2010)。製造業應用單元製造之實證研究-以電子組裝業為例。臺北科技大學管理學院工業工程與管理EMBA專班學位論文。2010。1-78。 
  2. 溫文盈(2013)。實施精實生產之單元生產工作站-以網通設備製造業為例。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2013。1-92。
  3. 張子強(2017)。建構循環經濟模式之研究-以中國農村家禽業為例。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2017。1-99。
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