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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 100 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Aloysius, J. A., 2002, “Research Joint Ventures: A Cooperative Game for Competitors”, European Journal of Operational Research.
  2. 2. Ariño, A., 2003, “Measures of Strategic Alliance Performance: An Analysis of Construct Validity”, Journal of International Business Studies.
  3. 3. Axelrod, R., 1984, “The Evolution of Cooperation.”, Basic Book, New York.
  4. 4. Belderbos, R.; Carree, M.; Lokshin, B., 2004, “Cooperative R&D and Firm Performance”, Research Policy.
  5. 5. Boersma, M. F.; Buckley, P. J.; Ghauri, P. N., 2003, “Trust in International Joint Venture Relationships”, Journal of Business Research.
Times Cited (17) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳韋傑(2010)。社會網絡與合作治理特性如何影響跨公司的合作成效。清華大學工業工程與工程管理學系學位論文。2010。1-86。 
  2. 廖玉貞(2010)。乳癌患者症狀困擾與希望狀態之相關性探討。中山醫學大學護理學系學位論文。2010。1-110。 
  3. 陳鳳鈴(2011)。探討術後乳癌婦女與配偶身體心像與性生活滿意度。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2011。1-103。 
  4. 廖志穎(2012)。乳癌與健康婦女之脈診儀與中醫證型問卷應用之研究。中國醫藥大學中西醫結合研究所碩士班學位論文。2012。1-60。 
  5. 謝宜秀(2014)。臺灣插畫異業結合策略之研究。國立臺北教育大學文化創意產業經營學系學位論文。2014。1-180。 
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